Brutalism, popular mainly in Europe, Japan and other places after world War II, shows the material characteristics of undecorated concrete, truly expresses the structure, and creates a bold and distinct architectural form. Classic brutish architecture, such as the Marseille Apartment and the Chandigarh Courthouse, had a profound influence on later architects.
Until today, concrete buildings are still active in our vision with exuberant vitality. China is one of the world's largest consumers of concrete and has produced a number of outstanding concrete architecture works. Influenced by the aesthetic inclination of the architect or the limitation of construction technology, some works show different degrees of barbarism.